One of the most debated topics in the financial world today is the possible existence of a bubble in fixed income. To study this topic in depth, I will analyze in this article the nominal yield and the real yield of 10-year sovereign bonds throughout their history.
Historical nominal yield of 10-year sovereign bonds by country
For this analysis I have based
Historical nominal return of sovereign bonds
As we can see, most 10-year sovereign bonds have achieved the lowest return in their history in nominal terms. Some of them, such as the French, German or Japanese bond, have returns close to 0%.
In the following graph we can see the historical nominal relative profitability of sovereign bonds:
Historical Relative Nominal Return of Sovereign Fixed Income
As we can see, nominal profitability is at extremely low levels in 10 of the 12 countries analyzed, all of them developed countries. The only exceptions are India and South Africa, which are developing countries.
However, to have a more accurate view of the profitability of sovereign fixed income it is necessary to know the real profitability of the bonds, which we will analyze below.
Historical real 10-year fixed income returns by country
The real return is calculated by removing inflation from the nominal return. In the following graph we can see the historical real yield of sovereign bonds:
Historical real returns of sovereign bonds
As we can see in these graphs, the real return on sovereign bonds does not present as extreme a case as the nominal return. This is because global inflation is also at historically low levels.
In the following graph we can see the historical real relative profitability of sovereign bonds, that is, taking inflation into account.
Historical Relative Real Return of Sovereign Fixed Income
In this case, we can see that in most countries the real yield on bonds is between 60% and 80% of the lowest yields in their history. This assumes that fixed income is historically expensive, but not as expensive as it seems for its nominal return.
Is there a bubble in fixed income?
As we have just seen, the nominal yield of the sovereign bonds of most developed countries is at historical lows. This is a clear indication that we may be experiencing a bubble in fixed income. However, its real profitability, although it remains historically low, is not at such worrying levels.
The big problem with fixed income today is that its profitability is not prepared to compensate investors in the face of moderate rises in inflation. An inflation of between 2% and 3% would mean that the real yield of many of these bonds would be negative. In other words, we would lose purchasing power by investing in these bonds.
Therefore, I consider that the most advisable thing today is to stay away from fixed income, since, in my opinion, it does not offer an adequate return for the risk involved.
I leave you some articles that I recommend you read if you are interested in this topic:
- Iván Martín: "Fixed income is the mother of all bubbles, but there are mechanisms that slow down catharsis" (Funds Society)
- Fixed Income: The Perfect Storm Bubble (Gurusblog)
- Ibex at 34.000 in a bubble compared to fixed income assets (Cinco Días)
- Global fund managers warn of a bond bubble (Financial Times)
Now is your turn.
Do you think there is a bubble in fixed income? Is it time to invest in sovereign bonds?
I await your comment!